Geography

 

Purnia has an area of 3,202 square km. It is a level, depressed tract of country, consisting for the most part of a rich, loamy soil of alluvial formation. It is traversed by several rivers flowing from the Himalayas, which afford great advantages of irrigation and water-carriage. Its major rivers are the Kosi, the Mahananda, the Suwara Kali and the Koli. In the west the soil is thickly covered with sand deposited by changes in the course of the Kosi. Among other rivers are the Mahananda and the Panar. Its major agricultural products are jute and banana.

It has a total population of 2,543,942  of which 1,720,743 are rural and 158,142 urban. It had 1,185,356 electors in the 2005. The literacy Rate is 35.10% Purnia district has four subdivisions: Purnea , Baisee , Banmankhi and Dhumdaha and they are further composed of fourteen blocks namely East Purnea,Krityanand Nagar, Banmankhi, Kaswa, Amaur, Bainsi, Baisa, Dhamdaha, Barhara Kothi, Rupauli, Bhawanipur, Dagarua, Jalalgarh and Srinagar.

 

History

 

Purnea has a rich Hindu history and a glorious past.During Mughal rule Purnea was an outlying military province, its revenue was mostly spent on protecting its borders against tribes from the north and east. Its local governor raised a rebellion against Siraj ud-Daulah in 1757, after the capture of Calcutta. In 1765, along with the rest of Bengal, the district became a British possession.  Purnea is famous for its uniquely designed Ramakrishna Mission where Durga Puja in the month of April is celebrated with due devotion and honour. Purnea is also famous for the oldest temple of Mata Puran Devi, which is hardly 5 km away from the main city. There is a theory that Purnia got its name from that temple. Some people believe that many years ago Purnea was Purna–Aranya which stands for "complete jungle", and that's why it has got the name Purnea.

 

Shrines

 

The city also has the Darghah of Hazrat Mustafa Jamalul Haque Bandagi, Chimni Baza. The 'Dargah and Khanquah Alia Mustafia' is located hardly 7 km away from main city. It is also famous for spirituality, communal harmony and Suffism. Its history goes 400 years back, when Hazrat Bandagi came from Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh visiting several Khanqahs and Dargahs from all over India such as the Pandawa Sharif, the Bihar Sharif etc. The Darghah is playing a major role to spread culture, education, kindness, secularism and spiritual spirits in the North East Bihar since its establishment. Deorhi at Garbanili (Purnea) still has the ruins of Kala Bhawan the ancient Darbar (Palace) of Raja Kalanand Singh, where his successor still lives.

 

 

 Physical Features
  Latitude         25°-13'-80" ~ 27°-07'-59" N  
Longitude 86°-59'-06" ~ 87°-52'-35" E
Rural Area 2800.10 sq. kms
Urban Area 400.21 sq. kms
Total Area 3202.31 sq. kms
Height above Sea-Level  171.2 Feet
Normal Rainfall 1,470.4 mm
Avg. Number of Rainy Days  73 Days in a Year

Average Temperature 28°C
    - Maximum 48°C
    - Minimum 03°C
 Administrative Units
  Districts   Purnea  
Sub-Divisions 4
CD Blocks 14
Panchayats 251
Number of Revenue Villages  1296
Number of Urban Agglomerations  3
Number of Towns 3
    - Statutory Towns 1
    - Non-Statutory Towns 2
Police Stations 27
    - Civil Police Stations 27
    - Railway Police Stations 0
 Key Statistics - as per 2001 Census (Provisional)
  Population   2,543,942  
    - Male 1,328,417
    - Female 1,215,525
Population (0~6 Years Group) 536,851
    - In Absolute Numbers  
   
272,748
   
264,103
    - Percentage of Total Population 21.19%
   
20.53%
   
21.73%
Literacy  
    - In Absolute Numbers 700,070
   
478,689
   
221,381
    - Percentage of Total Population 35.10%
   
45.63%
   
23.42%
   - Highest Literacy Purnea East
   - Lowest Literacy Baisee
Decadal Population Growth (1991-2001)    
    - Absolute 2,543,942
    - As Percentage 35.23%
Schedule Caste Population 312,088
   - Percentage to Total Population 12.27%
Schedule Tribe Population 111,947
   - Percentage to Total Population 4.40%
Total Workers 960,700
    - Main Workers 782,364
    - Marginal Workers 178,336
Density of Population 794.49 per sq kms
    - Highest Density 1246 Per sq kms
    - Lowest Density 410.42 Per sq. kms
Sex Ratio (Females/Thousand Males) 915
Sex Ratio (0-6 Years) 967